Home Animals Do Hawks Eat Foxes? (All Facts Explained)

Do Hawks Eat Foxes? (All Facts Explained)


Red-tailed hawks are the most prolific type of hawk found in North America, and their diets are incredibly varied thanks to opportunistic eating behaviour. They can consume a large range of small animals, which brings us to the question: do hawks eat foxes? 

While certainly possible that a hawk may snatch up a fox if it gets the chance, they mainly target young or injured individuals since they make much easier prey than healthy adults. Generally speaking, hawks will stick to consuming small rodents whose numbers are abundant across the continent.

Do Hawks Eat Foxes

How do hawks eat foxes?

Hawks are amongst the most skilled hunters in their realm. They typically hunt from great heights, skillfully gliding down towards the ground to snatch up their unsuspecting prey. The majority of their victims, including foxes and other mammals, are rarely even aware that the hawks have targeted them, for when the birds of prey launch their attack it is often too late for their quarry to escape. 

Armed with their razor-sharp talons, hawks can swiftly and precisely strike at the vital areas of their victim’s body such as its head or eyes, with devastating results. After successfully dispatching its target, a hawk will return to its original position- such as atop a tall tree- to feed on its hard-earned meal.

How often do hawks eat foxes?

Hawks are interesting, powerful hunters that have cultivated a fierce reputation. That being said, it’s usually a misconception among people that hawks only feed on small rodents such as mice or shrews. In fact, this is not the case at all! Studies performed in New York State have demonstrated that red-tailed hawks feed primarily on meadow voles, rabbits and squirrels. 

Additional research has shown reveal even smaller prey such as chipmunks, Robins and sparrows end up on the hawk’s menu. Foxes, however, do not appear very often in their diets since they tend to prey on injured or baby foxes instead of going after healthy adults of this species. 

Do hawks eat dead foxes?

Hawks are powerful hunters, with remarkable senses that allow them to hunt and scavenge for food sources from miles away. They will pounce on anything they can catch, but they still prefer to take down prey by themselves; however, when faced with an easy option such as a dead animal or fox, they won’t hesitate to feed. 

This is especially evident during the colder winter months when fresh kills are often hard to come by. Even though it might seem a little ghoulish when seen, hawks do what they need to survive – which includes feeding off carcasses if necessary.

How do foxes defend themselves against hawks?

To protect themselves, foxes build subterranean dens and small burrows in grasslands. This refuge keeps the fox pups safe since they are the most vulnerable to being snatched away by predators. The adults guard the pups until they mature enough to go out of their dens when they’re around five weeks old. 

When it comes down to showdowns with predators, foxes use their sharp teeth and claws as a last resort while attempting to escape using their swiftness and agility if possible. Foxes rely on these tactics to ensure that their den remains undiscovered by any potentially dangerous wildlife nearby.

Do foxes eat hawks?

Hawks are master hunters that soar in the sky and dominate their environment. They rarely have anything to worry about as they are at the peak of the food chain, but even hawks have their own predators to contend with. Most notably, great-horned owls, larger eagles, and even other hawks will sometimes try to poach them. 

Raccoons can also be a threat to hawk eggs or younglings if caught off guard. Luckily for the adults, foxes rarely pose a threat unless an egg or small hawk is in their sight; yet when this occurs it’s almost impossible for them to escape unscathed. 

Other birds of prey that eat foxes


Standing tall and proud, the great-horned owl is one of the largest species of owls in the world. With a wingspan of up to five feet in length, they use their wings to silently swoop on their unsuspecting prey. This nocturnal creature hunts almost exclusively at night, making it an effective tool against large mammals such as foxes – which make up a large part of its diet. 

Incredibly well adapted to its environment, the great-horned owl has a nearly unmatched hunting ability and can capture its prey with near-perfect accuracy.


It’s no wonder that eagles have become the apex predators of their environment, as they are supreme hunters with unmatched strength and agility. Eagles have been known to seize prey weighing up to five times their own weight – a feat unmatched by most other creatures on the planet. 

Their lives depend largely on their diet, which is primarily comprised of fish supplemented with occasional birds and mammals. Although foxes may not be numerous in their diet, they are occasionally consumed – typically only juvenile foxes though, as adult ones may create too difficult a challenge for these powerful, but still relatively small hunters.


Falcons are a stunning species of bird found all over the world – except Antarctica. Their wings span up to four feet, and they can fly at speeds of over 200 miles per hour! Fascinatingly, they feed mainly on other birds and insects, but would occasionally hunt smaller foxes or take advantage of a dead one if it came their way. However, when compared to other birds of prey, their interest in foxes is minimal. 


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Do foxes eat deer?

The question of whether foxes eat deer has been asked by countless people over the centuries. Unsurprisingly, while they do possess the capability to do this, it isn’t a typical element of their diet. Unlike wolves, who are well-known for hunting and preying on larger animals like deer, foxes typically take much smaller prey. 

What does a fox eat?

Foxes are voracious eaters and have a highly varied diet that is largely dependent on their habitats and the surrounding environment. They will eat a variety of animals, such as small mammals like voles, mice, and rabbits; birds and eggs; insects, worms, and larvae; lizards, snakes, frogs, fish, and earthworms; fruits like apples and berries; nuts and seeds; carrion; acorns; grasses and more.

Final Words

Hawks are known for their predatory prowess, so it is not surprising that people often wonder if they do, in fact, consume foxes. After all, hawks have a broad diet consisting of many small animals, rodents and even birds. 

While hawks may hunt for foxes on occasion, it nonetheless remains an uncommon occurrence since the risk associated with trying to bring down a larger and more mobile target outweighs the potential reward. In the very rare instances where a hawk does take a swipe at a fox, it will usually be a small, inexpertly guarded specimen. 

Therefore, while hawks can technically eat foxes if they have access to them, they most often seek out easier prey instead.


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A motivated philosophy graduate and student of wildlife conservation with a deep interest in human-wildlife relationships, including wildlife communication, environmental education, and conservation anthropology. Offers strong interpersonal, research, writing, and creativity skills.

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A motivated philosophy graduate and student of wildlife conservation with a deep interest in human-wildlife relationships, including wildlife communication, environmental education, and conservation anthropology. Offers strong interpersonal, research, writing, and creativity skills.


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