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Black Bears in Montana (Diet, Lifestyle, Habitat, more)

bear in open

Hidden among the majestic Rocky Mountains of Montana, the black bear is a powerful symbol of nature’s beauty. These omnivorous mammals are found throughout the state and play an important role in sustaining local wildlife populations. They are numerous, strong and agile creatures, easily adapting to their ever-changing alpine habitats in order to successfully thrive. While generally shy and reclusive animals, Montana black bears have been known to venture near areas inhabited by humans for food sources or lack of environmental pressure from other species’ competition.

black bears in montana

Are there Black bears in Montana?

Montana is known for its expansive forests, abundant wildlife, and many outdoor recreational opportunities. Visitors may be surprised to learn that Black bears can be found in the state’s lush mountain forests. They often keep a low profile to avoid human contact, but their presence is an indication of Montana’s commitment to maintaining a healthy, diverse ecosystem.

Where are bears located in Montana?

Bears can be found throughout much of Montana, though they tend to inhabit more mountainous areas like the Rockies and other high elevations. Bears also prefer heavily forested areas with plenty of spots for them to make dens and hibernate during the winter season.


Black Bears in Montana can primarily be found in wooded areas. They predominately stick to the same habitats year-round but will explore new opportunities for food during spring and winter. Although Montana is one of several states that hold large populations of Black Bears, its forests provide an ideal environment for them to find resources such as fish, insects, fruits and small mammals.


They are opportunistic feeders and eat fruits, nuts, insects, honey and anything else that will provide them with sustenance. In the summer months, they prefer to consume plant foods such as berries or other sweet material whilst, during the winter, they tend to dine on carrion and small prey such as rodents or deer.

black bear


Montana’s black bears share a common coat colour dark chocolate brown. However, on rare occasions, an all-black-hued bear can be spotted meandering through the mountainous terrain. Although this darker tone isn’t scientifically recognised as its own subspecies. Black bears that live close to Yellowstone National Park have even been documented to sport a striking cinnamon-red tone, likely due to their extra exposure to the mineral-rich thermal springs there

Size, Lifespan and Weight 

The average black bear will weigh between 150 to 600 pounds, or even more in some cases. In terms of length, an adult black bear can have a total standing size of 3 to 7 feet. Furthermore, black bears are long-lived species with a lifespan of approximately 15 – 25 years when living in the wild, and up to 30 years when in captivity. 


Bears in Montana have the occasional run-in with some of their more vicious predators, such as coyotes, bobcats and mountain lions. Fortunately for the bears, they are generally much larger than their predators and can often repel the attack. Still, if the predator sees an opportunity like a bear cub being left alone for even just a few minutes it might rush in to feed or carry away the smaller animal. This is something all bear families should keep in mind when venturing into Montana’s forests and mountain ranges; while they may never see any of these predators on their travels, they must still be aware that they could be nearby lurking in shadows or behind tall grasses.

black bear in open


Black bears are equipped with sophisticated reproductive strategies that have allowed the species to thrive, even in the face of intense competition for resources. Their mating period starts in mid-May, although different populations have slight variations in timing. During this time, female bears will mate with multiple males and store sperm from each mating until wintertime when she enters into a state of delayed implantation.

This means that although her body can hold onto multiple sets of sperm at once, it won’t begin the process of producing cubs until later on in the year. A few months after entering hibernation, she’ll give birth to litters averaging two cubs (though litters can range between one and four). The mother bear will raise these cubs on her own over the winter before they venture out on their own come springtime.

How many bears are in Montana?

The black bear population in Montana has been carefully documented since the 1960s when annual population estimates ranged from 1,500-3,000 statewide. More recent surveys suggest that the bear population has now grown significantly; one analysis puts the number as high as 15000.

When do black bears hibernate in Montana?

With its varying climates and diverse habitats, Montana provides an ideal habitat for black bears to thrive. As winter arrives in the state, black bears enter hibernation which usually begins during November and lasts until March or April. During this lengthy period, they retire to a den in which they will remain until spring arrives and temperatures increase.





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A motivated philosophy graduate and student of wildlife conservation with a deep interest in human-wildlife relationships, including wildlife communication, environmental education, and conservation anthropology. Offers strong interpersonal, research, writing, and creativity skills.

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A motivated philosophy graduate and student of wildlife conservation with a deep interest in human-wildlife relationships, including wildlife communication, environmental education, and conservation anthropology. Offers strong interpersonal, research, writing, and creativity skills.


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