Home Animals What Do Toads Eat? A Complete Guide to Their Amazing Diet

What Do Toads Eat? A Complete Guide to Their Amazing Diet


Have you ever been captivated by the presence of these clumsy green crawling creatures? Do you find yourself stopping in your tracks to observe the frog-like species as they hop across your path? If you have a fondness for these tiny green beings with their big beady eyes, you are certainly not alone. Many people adore these amphibians. But how much do we truly know about them? In this article, we aim to shed some light on the subject. Specifically, we will learn about What Do Toads Eat? .

Toads, those green amphibians with their dry and warty skin, are fascinating creatures. They thrive in open and moist habitats like grasslands and fields. Going through a complete life cycle, they require specific care and a different diet at each stage of their development.

For frog lovers and potential pet owners interested in taking care of toads, understanding their appetites is essential. In this detailed post, we will cover everything related to the toad’s diet. You can expect to find the best ideas, practical tips, and insights into avoiding mistakes while feeding these intriguing living beings. So, let’s embark on a journey of discovery and learn more about what fuels these wonderful creatures.

Toads vs Frogs 

 What Do Toads Eat

Toads and frogs indeed share strong physical similarities, often leading to confusion and mistaken identities. However, several key characteristics can help us distinguish between these two amphibian species:

  1. Skin Texture: Toads have rough, leathery, and warty skin, while frogs typically have smoother and moist skin.
  2. Leg Length: Toads have shorter legs compared to frogs, which tend to have longer hind legs built for jumping.
  1. Locomotion: Toads move by crawling or walking rather than jumping like frogs, which are renowned for their powerful leaps.
  2. Head Shape: Toads have uneven heads, whereas frogs have angular and more streamlined heads.
  3. Habitat Preference: Toads are generally more terrestrial and spend more time on land, while frogs are often associated with aquatic environments.
  4. Eye Patches: Toads lack a dark patch behind their eyes, a common feature found in many frog species.
  5. Egg Laying: Toads lay their eggs in long, gelatinous spawn strings in water, while frogs usually deposit their eggs in clumps.

Despite these fundamental similarities, the distinctive characteristics listed above confirm that toads and frogs are distinct and separate species. Armed with this knowledge, you can easily identify and differentiate between these fascinating amphibians the next time you encounter them.

How Do Toads Hunt for Food on Land? 

Food is a fundamental necessity for all living beings, and toads are no exception. These fascinating creatures rely on food to sustain themselves and carry out their daily activities.

Toads are naturally equipped with some remarkable senses that aid them in acquiring their food. One of their greatest strengths is their keen eyesight, allowing them to locate and reach their food sources. Their exceptional vision even enables them to discern colors at night and spot movement in darkness, helping them locate prey.

In addition to their sharp eyesight, toads possess a powerful sense of smell. While research suggests that they may not heavily rely on this sense for finding food, they do use it to mark out their territories.

Toads also have a keen sense of taste, which comes in handy when it comes to accepting or rejecting certain types of food. Their strong sense of taste allows them to discern what they prefer to eat.

Furthermore, toads possess a sense of touch, although it is not their primary means of finding food. Instead, they predominantly rely on their exceptional eyesight and sense of smell to search for and capture their prey.

In conclusion, toads have an impressive array of sensory abilities that aid them in locating and obtaining their food, making them proficient hunters in their natural habitats.

Common Hunting Styles of Toads

The hunting styles of toads vary based on their natural traits and adaptations. Here are some of the diverse hunting techniques employed by different toad species:

Nocturnal Activity: The majority of toads are nocturnal, meaning they become most active during the night when other insects and potential prey are also active.

Crawling and Running: Some toads utilize crawling or running as a means to cover distances and chase after their prey. This approach allows them to swiftly pursue and catch their targets.

Natterjack Toads: Natterjack toads have a unique hunting method. They use their long, sticky tongues to capture and rope in their prey. These toads actively run after their prey and use their adhesive tongues to seize them.

Ambush Predation: Another category of toads employs an ambush style of hunting. They burrow themselves in the ground and patiently wait for their prey to come near. Once the prey is within proximity, these toads rapidly jump up and grasp their unsuspecting target.

Tongue Capture: Some toads are equipped with specialized tongues that they use to capture their prey. They can extend their tongues with great speed and accuracy to snatch insects or small creatures from a distance.

Engulfing Prey: Certain toad species lack the specialized tongue trait but compensate with their ability to simply walk towards their prey, jump on them, and swallow them whole.

The variety of hunting styles among toads showcases their incredible adaptability to different environments and prey types. These techniques ensure that toads can efficiently obtain their necessary nourishment in their respective habitats.

What Are Tadpoles?

Toads go through an intriguing life cycle, starting as tadpoles, growing into juveniles, and eventually becoming adults. Each stage of their life cycle brings new changes in their diet, food preferences, and feeding patterns. Tadpoles, which are small immature forms of frogs, begin their life inside an egg sack. They hatch into large clumps or strings of eggs with thousands of other fellow tadpoles. In the initial phase, tadpoles are not yet fully carnivorous. Their air-breathing lungs are underdeveloped, and they are confined within the pond or lake where they are born. At this stage, they are entirely aquatic creatures. As they grow and develop, their diet changes, and they start feeding on insects and small aquatic animals.  

Tadpoles’ Diet

Tadpoles have a unique and changing diet as they progress through their early life stages. When they are still in their egg sack, they rely on the yolk inside it as their first source of nourishment. Once they hatch and enter the water, they continue to consume the remaining yolk in their egg sack. As they grow larger and more active, they start seeking additional sources of nutrition.

Initially, tadpoles focus on aquatic vegetation such as algae, moss, and decaying plant matter. They are omnivorous and will also feed on small fish, insects, and phytoplankton. Some common targets in their diet include fruit flies, insect larvae, and small worms.

It’s important to note that under certain conditions, tadpoles may resort to cannibalism. When faced with a scarcity of aquatic vegetation, some tadpoles may turn to consuming their own kind as a means of survival. However, cannibalistic tadpoles are relatively rare and typically only emerge when there is a shortage of their primary food sources.

In environments where there is an ample supply of aquatic vegetation, cannibalism among tadpoles is less likely to occur, as they have access to sufficient alternative food sources. So, as long as the aquatic vegetation supply is abundant, there is no need to worry about the presence of cannibalistic behavior among tadpoles.

What Is the Diet of Juvenile Toads?

As tadpoles undergo metamorphosis and transition into juvenile toads, their dietary habits also undergo significant changes. During this stage, the tadpole’s tail, which was a source of nourishment, disappears as the legs start forming. The juvenile toads now become carnivorous, relying on small insects as their primary source of food since they are not yet capable of chewing food properly.

For their dietary needs, juvenile toads should be provided with four to six small earthworms, grain moths, leaf rollers, or mealworms. It’s essential to offer them appropriately sized prey since they swallow their food whole and cannot consume large prey like rodents, as it poses a choking risk.

As juvenile toads continue to grow, their appetite and food range expand, allowing them to consume a broader variety of prey. As they reach adulthood, their ability to eat larger animals also increases. Adult toads are generally insectivores, feeding on various insects and other small invertebrates as they become skilled predators in their ecosystems.

What Do Adult Toads Like To Eat?

Adult toads are opportunistic feeders and have a diverse diet, consuming a wide range of prey that they can easily swallow. They are not picky eaters and will consume various creatures commonly found in their typical habitat. Some of the items on their menu include:

  • Grubs
  • Slugs
  • Snails
  • Mice
  • Lizards
  • Snakes
  • Small Fish
  • Other toads and frogs

Large toads, in particular, are known to eat small mammals like mice, small lizards, and occasionally snakes. They have a voracious appetite and can consume a substantial amount of prey to meet their nutritional needs.

For captive adult toads, it is essential to provide them with a well-balanced diet. Ideally, they should be given six wax worms, super worms, or crickets every two days. However, it is crucial to be cautious about the size of the food offered and assess what the toads can comfortably swallow. Larger toads can handle a more diverse range of food options.

Maintaining a suitable and varied diet for adult toads is essential to ensure their health and well-being in captivity or in their natural habitat.

What Do the Toads Eat in the Wild?

Toads are carnivorous creatures that rely on capturing and consuming live prey for their survival. Like humans, they require a balanced diet to stay healthy. Their diet is varied, and they typically consume four to six spiders, worms, or crickets every few days.

Due to their small size, toads cannot eat large living creatures. However, larger toad species, such as cane toads, have a more extensive food chain and can even devour rodents.

Different toad species may have specific preferences, but their dietary needs are generally similar. Adult toads consume a variety of items, including bugs, centipedes, flies, weevils, crickets, grasshoppers, mealworms, locusts, snails, slugs, and aquatic animals. They have a wide range of food options and are not concerned about the risk of choking.

Juvenile toads are smaller than adults and eat smaller prey like pinhead crickets, ants, and flies. Tadpoles in the wild feed on the remains of dead bugs or worms and decomposed leaves found in ponds, streams, or lakes.

Wild toads eat whatever they find in their surroundings, depending on what is available. The native insects in different regions vary worldwide, leading to some variation in their diet. However, toads generally consume similar types of food globally.

Toads living in gardens have more regular access to prey and can satisfy their hunger whenever they find food. On the other hand, wild toads have uncertain meal availability and lack appetite control. They will eat until all available prey in their locality is consumed.

One reason toads prefer live prey is that dead insects and animals may carry diseases, making them potentially unsafe for consumption. As such, wild toads primarily focus on hunting and consuming live prey for their sustenance.

What Is the Diet of Pet Toads?

Pet owners who keep toads as pets often have concerns about their dietary needs and preferences. While wild toads have a diverse diet, pet toads can be fed a similar diet to their wild counterparts.

However, some pet owners may be uncomfortable keeping live prey such as mice, insects, or small fish in their homes, which can limit the options for their pet toad’s diet. Many pet owners opt for readily available food options from pet stores, such as worms and crickets. Some even cultivate food for their toads on their own. It is essential to provide a variety of prey that the toad would hunt for in nature to ensure a well-balanced diet.

When selecting food for a pet toad, it’s essential to consider the specific needs of the toad species and its natural dietary preferences. Researching the best food options for your pet’s species will ensure they receive proper nutrition.

Visiting a local pet store can also help you discover suitable food options for your pet toad. Try to find food that closely resembles what the toad would eat in the wild to ensure their dietary preferences are met.

For pet owners looking to encourage their toads to exhibit natural hunting behavior, offering live prey can be beneficial. Eating live insects can motivate pet toads to hunt their prey, stimulating their natural instincts.

In conclusion, pet toads can eat a diet similar to that of their wild counterparts. Researching and providing appropriate food options that match their species’ natural preferences will help keep them healthy and happy in a captive environment.

What Do Pet Toads Prefer Eating?

Some of the items pet toads prefer are:

  • Earthworms
  • Super worms
  • Mealworms
  • Crickets
  • Feeder fishes
  • Dubia roaches

How To Enhance Nutrition in Your Pet Toads’ Diet?

Pet toads may seem like low-maintenance pets, but they do require some attention when it comes to their diet. It’s essential to feed them live food, as it stimulates their hunting instincts and helps them stay active. Live crickets are a favorite among pet toads as they provide a good source of protein. While you can easily find them at pet stores, it’s worth noting that the ones sold in stores may not be as nutritious as wild ones.  

 #1 UV Light Exposure:

Ensuring that your pet toad gets enough exposure to ultraviolet B (UVB) light is crucial for its health. UVB light helps amphibians like toads to synthesize calcium and vitamins, which are essential for proper digestion and maintaining strong bones. If your toad does not receive sufficient UVB light, it may suffer from health issues, particularly related to calcium deficiencies. Providing your toad with access to natural sunlight or using UVB lights specifically designed for reptiles and amphibians can help meet this requirement.

#2 Water Intake:

Toads absorb water through their skin, making the quality of water they come into contact with critical. It is advisable to offer bottled water to your pet toad rather than tap water. Tap water may contain harmful chemicals, unhealthy additives, or heavy metals that can be harmful to your pet’s health. Using bottled water helps ensure a safe and clean water source for your toad’s hydration needs.

#3 Developing Eating Habits:

Pet toads are different from their wild counterparts when it comes to eating habits. They prefer routine and consistent feeding times. Unlike wild toads, pet toads eat less and can finish their meals within a short period, usually around 15 minutes. To develop a healthy eating routine for your pet, it’s best to feed them at the same time each day. Also, be mindful of removing any leftover food after your pet has finished eating to prevent it from rotting and to avoid overeating.

By following these three essential care tips, you can ensure that your pet toad stays healthy, grows strong, and thrives in its captive environment.

What Food Can’t Toads Eat?

You are absolutely correct that while toads may have a tendency to eat a wide variety of things, it is essential to be cautious about what we feed them. Some foods can be harmful to their health and should be avoided at all costs. Here is a list of foods that you should never feed toads:

  1. Bread: Bread lacks essential nutrients for toads and can cause digestive issues.
  2. Salt: Toads are sensitive to salt, and consuming it can lead to dehydration and other health problems.
  3. Rice: Uncooked rice can expand in their stomachs and cause discomfort.
  4. Seasoned Meat: Toads should not consume seasoned or processed meat, as the additives and seasonings can be harmful.
  5. Processed Food: Avoid giving them any processed or human junk food, as it lacks proper nutrition.
  6. Pesticides: Never feed toad insects that have been exposed to pesticides, as they can be toxic to them.
  7. Sugar: Toads do not require sugar in their diet and consuming it can lead to health issues.
  8. Expired Food: Feeding them expired food can be harmful as it may contain harmful bacteria or toxins.

Toads are carnivores and prefer to eat live meat rather than dead or previously killed animals. While they may occasionally consume fruits and vegetables, it’s best to focus on providing them with live prey similar to what they would hunt in the wild.

Avoid feeding them human foods like leftovers or artificially prepared meals. Instead, provide them with a diet that closely resembles their natural hunting habits, and consider adding necessary supplements and vitamins to ensure their optimal health and well-being.

Can Toads Eat Human Food?

Toads are fascinating creatures with specific dietary needs that differ significantly from that of a human’s diet. Being carnivores, they love live-moving food like insects and worms. Therefore, it’s safe to say that toads can’t eat human food, and giving them a human diet would indeed be a mistake. 

What Do Toads Drink and How?

This unique feature is crucial to their survival, as toads require a humid environment to function properly. Absorbing the humidity present in their surroundings allows them to hydrate without the need for a water source. It’s essential for toads to live in an environment that resembles their natural habitat, as it allows them to thrive and maintain their health.  

Common Mistakes of Feeding Toads

Feeding your toad requires careful consideration to ensure their health and well-being. Avoiding these common mistakes will help maintain the health of your beloved pet:

  1. Avoid Wild-Caught Insects: Insects caught from the wild, especially in your lawn or garden, may carry parasites that can infect your toad. It’s best to provide commercially bred and safe insects from reputable sources.
  2. Don’t Offer Dead Insects: Toads are carnivores and prefer to eat live prey. They may not recognize or consume dead insects willingly, so it’s essential to provide live insects for them to hunt and eat.
  3. Use Supplements: Commercial pet store food for toads may lack sufficient nutritional value. To compensate for potential deficiencies, it’s crucial to add extra supplements to your toad’s diet, such as calcium and vitamins.
  4. Feed in the Right Quantity: Providing food in the correct quantity is crucial to prevent overfeeding or underfeeding. Toads can have specific dietary needs based on their age, size, and activity level, so it’s essential to offer an appropriate amount of food.
  5. Watch Insect Size for Juveniles: For juvenile toads, avoid giving them large-sized insects like crickets that could lead to choking while attempting to swallow. Opt for appropriately sized prey that they can handle easily.

By being mindful of these feeding considerations, you can ensure that your toad receives a balanced and appropriate diet, promoting their health and happiness as a beloved pet.

Toad Feeding Tips

Feeding your toad can indeed be a fun and enriching experience for both you and your pet. Here are some tips to make your toad’s diet interesting and enjoyable:

  1. Similar Snack Size: When offering snacks to your toad, ensure that the food is an appropriate size and easy for them to swallow. Food that is too large can be uncomfortable and difficult for them to eat.
  2. Different Food Types: Introduce some variety into your toad’s diet by offering 4 to 6 different types of food. This will keep their meals exciting and ensure they receive a diverse range of nutrients.
  3. Hand-Feeding Practice: Hand-feeding your toad can create a bond between you and your pet. However, it requires patience and time, as some toads may take a while to get used to this feeding method.
  4. Water Accessibility: Toads absorb water through their skin, so it’s crucial to have a water vessel accessible to them at all times. This will allow them to sit inside and soak, helping to keep them hydrated.
  5. Familiar Food Groups: Purchase the food that your toad prefers to eat, such as live crickets and worms, from a local pet shop. This ensures that you are providing them with the foods they enjoy and are accustomed to.

By following these tips, you can create an enjoyable and well-rounded diet for your toad, keeping them healthy, happy, and engaged in their feeding routines.


Do toads drink water?

Toads, like many other creatures, need water to live. However, unlike humans who can drink water in liquid form, toads have a unique way of getting their hydration. Interestingly, toads absorb water through their skin. They are able to do this because their skin is incredibly permeable. Additionally, some toads have a special pocket just behind their eyes called a “parotid gland.” This gland produces a type of fluid that the toads can absorb through their skin, which provides them with hydration.

Can toads eat meat?

In the wild, toads may occasionally consume small insects or invertebrates, but they don’t typically seek out or rely on meat as a significant part of their diet. However, captive toads may benefit from occasional small portions of protein-rich foods, such as crickets or mealworms, as long as they are not overfed and their primary diet still includes plenty of fruits and vegetables. 

Do toads eat frogs?

While they may look similar at first glance, there is a distinct difference between the two amphibians. One question that often arises is whether toads eat frogs. The answer is yes, on occasion. Toads are known to eat almost anything that they can fit into their mouths, including small frogs and tadpoles. 

Final Words

Toads may look similar to their froggy counterparts, but they have unique features and eating habits that set them apart. As young toads mature into adults, they turn into carnivorous creatures that can consume a wide variety of prey. From flies to spiders and even small rodents and lizards, their diet encompasses anything that fits in their mouth. 

To ensure optimal nutrition and personal preferences, it’s important to create a balanced diet for your toad that includes various insects and invertebrates. Understanding their diet and natural tendencies can help keep your toad happy and healthy for years to come.


Author Profile
Zahra Makda
Wildlife Enthusiast | Explorer at Animals Research

Growing up enjoying the beauty of my village, a good passion for nature developed in me from childhood. Following my passion for the natural world, I have chosen zoology for my graduation, during my undergraduate degree, I participated in many nature trails, bird watching, rescues, training for wildlife conservation, workshop, and seminars on biodiversity. I have a keen interest in invertebrate biology, herpetology, and ornithology. Primary interests include studies on taxonomy, ecology, habitat and behavior.

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Growing up enjoying the beauty of my village, a good passion for nature developed in me from childhood. Following my passion for the natural world, I have chosen zoology for my graduation, during my undergraduate degree, I participated in many nature trails, bird watching, rescues, training for wildlife conservation, workshop, and seminars on biodiversity. I have a keen interest in invertebrate biology, herpetology, and ornithology. Primary interests include studies on taxonomy, ecology, habitat and behavior.


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