Home Animals What is a Female Tiger Called? (The Identity of a Female Tiger)

What is a Female Tiger Called? (The Identity of a Female Tiger)


The female tiger, with its elegant stripes and powerful structure, is a stunning sight to behold. These majestic creatures are a testament to the beauty found in the animal kingdom. In fact, they are among the largest of the cat family, standing tall and proud. While they were once found throughout Asia, human activity has caused the number of female tigers to dwindle over time. Still, those who are lucky enough to catch a glimpse of one of these incredible predators can’t help but feel a sense of awe and admiration.

What is a Female Tiger Called?

To distinguish between male and female tigers, the term “female tiger” is commonly used, or specifically, a tigress. It’s natural for many to inquire about the identity of a female tiger since different names often exist for male and female animals within the same species. For instance, a female wolf is referred to as a luna wolf or she-wolf.

In recent times, successful crossbreeding experiments have occurred between lions and tigers, resulting in hybrids like ligers. These hybrids arise from the mating of a male lion and a female tiger, yet the term for the female hybrid, whether “ligress,” remains uncertain.

Female Tiger

Conversely, the reverse pairing of a male tiger and a female lion gives rise to a species known as tigons or tiglons. Similarly, the appropriate term for the female of this hybrid, such as “tigress,” has yet to be established.

Meanwhile, studies have indicated that both hybrid species grow larger than their parent species, with tigons being larger than ligers.

What is a Group of Female Tigers Called?

Did you know that a group of female tigers is called an ambush or a streak? It’s interesting to think about these solitary creatures banding together to protect their little ones. When a group of females with cubs is formed, they become fiercely protective of their offspring. However, these cohabiting groups don’t last forever.

Once the tiger cubs are six months old, they venture out on their own to survive in the wild. Unfortunately, the odds are stacked against them. There’s a 50% chance that tiger cubs will never reach adulthood. The dangers that they face include starvation and predators. Life is certainly tough in the wild. Nonetheless, it’s amazing to think about these majestic creatures and how they raise their young.

Female Tiger Fact Sheet

Having learned the identity of female tigers, let us embark on a journey of discovery to uncover intriguing facts about these remarkable creatures.

Size and Weight

Female tigers, being part of the largest feline species, display notable size differences when compared to their male counterparts, a common trait observed within the cat family. Among the various subspecies of tigers, female tigers exhibit a smaller stature.

In terms of measurements, female tigers typically reach a length of about 6.56 to 9 feet (200 to 275 cm). Their weight is approximately 1.7 times lighter than that of males, ranging from 300 to 350 pounds (136 to 138.75 kilograms).

One distinguishing feature is their tail length, which is shorter in comparison to male tigers. Tigers, in general, possess tails that extend around 24 to 43 inches (60 to 109 cm) above their total body length. Additionally, female tigers often have narrower paws compared to their male counterparts. These subtle differences in paw size can be used to discern between male and female tigers by examining their tracks.


The female tiger possesses a robust physique adorned with a vibrant coat of orange fur that gracefully transitions into a white underbelly. The entire body is adorned with vertically aligned dark stripes, each tigress exhibiting a distinctive pattern that remains visible even when the fur is shaved.

Tigresses boast rounded heads, with the fur around their chin area thickened and elongated, resembling a beard-like feature. Their ears are uniquely rounded, characterized by a white spot at the back, encircled by black fur, creating an eye-like appearance.

Both male and female tigers share prominent characteristics such as long canine teeth and notably elongated whiskers when compared to other members of the feline family.

During pregnancy, the bellies of female tigers become rounded, and the teats become visible on the underside. Tigresses often assume the responsibility of raising and training their cubs alone, frequently seen in the company of their young offspring.

how high can tigers jump

Social Structure

The social structure of tigresses is intricate and revolves around survival, nurturing their offspring, and mating. They exhibit territorial behaviour, demarcating their boundaries through the use of urine, faeces, or claw marks on tree bark. These territories typically offer ample prey resources to sustain both their own nutritional needs and those of their young.

Tigresses cohabit with their cubs from birth until the juveniles depart the den, usually around six months of age. During this period, the tigresses take on the responsibility of training their offspring in hunting skills and self-defence.

While male tigers venture to establish territories distant from their mothers, young female tigers may sometimes begin their territorial range in closer proximity to their maternal territories.

During estrus, a tigress engages in more frequent scent-marking rituals. These behaviours serve as signals to nearby males that she is receptive to mating. Additionally, the female tiger employs various vocalizations to communicate her availability to potential mates.


Adult female tigers, being apex predators within their territories, encounter limited threats from other species. However, they possess various defence mechanisms in case of an attack.

In contrast, baby tigers face significant vulnerability and danger right from birth. Defenceless and reliant on their tigress mother, they become targets for other predators when she leaves them to hunt for food.

The primary threat that adult tigresses confront is poaching. They are hunted for their valuable fur, claws, bones, and other body parts sought after for traditional medicinal purposes. This illegal trade of tiger parts fuels a black market demand.

Furthermore, there is the issue of illicit breeding for commercial purposes. Many tigresses are confined in inadequate shelters and bred unnaturally at unsustainable rates. The lack of proper care further contributes to health issues and increased mortality rates.

Complicating matters, the natural habitats of tigers often border densely populated areas. This proximity leads to conflicts between humans and tigresses, especially when the latter targets livestock such as cattle for sustenance.

In summary, while adult female tigers may enjoy their status as apex predators, they face threats from poaching, illegal breeding, and human-wildlife conflicts. These challenges pose significant risks to their population and overall well-being.


Do Female Tigers Have Stripes?

Indeed, female tigers possess distinctive stripes. These stripes adorn their bodies, running vertically from their sides downwards to their underbellies. Typically, these stripes appear dark, often perceived as black, contrasting against the background of their predominantly orange fur. It is worth noting that certain tiger species may lack orange pigmentation, while others may even lack stripes altogether.

The remarkable aspect of these stripes lies in their individuality. No two tigresses share the exact same pattern. Much like human fingerprints, each female tiger’s stripes are uniquely her own. Even when the fur is shaved, the characteristic stripes remain visible. These stripes play a crucial role in the tigress’s survival, allowing her to blend seamlessly into her surroundings and effectively camouflage herself while hunting prey.

What Does a Female Tiger Look Like?

When comparing the physical attributes of male and female tigers, there are minimal distinctions. Both genders possess robust and muscular bodies, featuring large forepaws, sharp claws, and powerful jaws. Their heads are sizable, accommodating strong jaws and long fangs, which aid in efficiently tearing hide and flesh from their prey.

One notable difference lies in the proportions of their legs. Tigresses have hind legs that are longer than their forelegs. This anatomical feature grants them the ability to leap to significant heights when pursuing their prey. Additionally, their forelegs are well-developed and sturdy, providing ample support for their body weight. Another advantage of tigresses is their padded paws, which allow them to move silently, enhancing their stealth during hunting activities.

Are Male or Female Tigers Bigger?

Male tigers exhibit a larger size compared to their female counterparts. It is estimated that male tigers are approximately 5-10 per cent bigger than females. On average, male tigers grow to a length of 9 feet (2.7 meters) and stand about 50 inches (1.26 meters) tall. In contrast, female tigers reach a length of 8 feet (2.43 meters) and a height of around 42 inches (1.06 meters).

When considering weight, adult male tigers typically weigh about 550 pounds (249.5 kilograms), while adult tigresses weigh approximately 400 pounds (181.3 kilograms) on average. This weight disparity is evident even at birth, as male tiger cubs tend to be noticeably larger than their female counterparts.

Final Words

Female tigers are called tigress, and yes, it is something that we should remember. It is always fascinating to learn new things, and refreshing our knowledge on topics that we thought we already knew is always exciting. These majestic cats are not only beautiful creatures but also powerful symbols of the wild. Knowing their names, whether male or female, allows us to appreciate them even more and to understand their importance in the ecosystem.


Author Profile
Rahul M Suresh

Visiting the Zoo can be an exciting and educational experience for all involved. As a guide, I have the privilege of helping students and visitors alike to appreciate these animals in their natural habitat as well as introducing them to the various aspects of zoo life. I provide detailed information about the individual animals and their habitats, giving visitors an opportunity to understand each one more fully and appreciate them in a more intimate way.

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Visiting the Zoo can be an exciting and educational experience for all involved. As a guide, I have the privilege of helping students and visitors alike to appreciate these animals in their natural habitat as well as introducing them to the various aspects of zoo life. I provide detailed information about the individual animals and their habitats, giving visitors an opportunity to understand each one more fully and appreciate them in a more intimate way.


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