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Box turtles in Texas

box turtle young

Box turtles in Texas are one most recognizable reptilian residents, with their distinctive hinged shell that has lent them the nickname “tortoise.” They enjoy warm, humid climates and live in a variety of habitats from forests to grasslands. 

Types of box turtles in Texas: 

  • The Eastern box turtle (Terrapene Carolina )
  • Three-Toed Box Turtle (Terrapene carolina triunguis)
  • Gulf Coast Box Turtle (Terrapene Carolina major) and 
  • Ornate Box Turtle (Terrapene ornata ornata). 

All four species are protected by state law, so it is best to leave any encountered turtles in their natural habitat. However, these gentle creatures can also make delightful household pets if they’re obtained through appropriate channels.

box turtles texas


Box turtles are a key species in the diverse Texas ecosystem. Found in a variety of habitats across the Lone Star State, these turtles prefer riparian areas with leaf litter and thick vegetation. They feed off of vegetation such as grasses and berries as well as insects and other invertebrates. Additionally, Box Turtles can nest and lay their eggs in moist soil such as under logs or near stream banks during rainy years. These turtles are usually found in isolated pockets around the state, where they can hide from potential predators like raccoons or skunks. 


The dietary needs of box turtles can vary greatly depending on their location and individual species. Generally, box turtles are omnivores that enjoy a variety of foods, including fruits, vegetables, dead insects, and earthworms. In the wild, most box turtle diet consists of leafy green plants like clover, and dandelion greens and other wild vegetation such as mushrooms. Wild box turtles may also eat caterpillars and butterflies as well as fish and frogs found in shallow ponds or streams. Captive box turtles living in areas with warmer climates will gain additional nourishment from a varied diet consisting of fresh fruits, vegetables, small pieces of cooked meat, and boiled eggs as well as commercial turtle diets. 


Box turtles native to Texas come in variety colours. Their domed, hinged shell is usually dark brown but can also be shades of yellow, olive green, and reddish-brown. The carapace colour remains relatively constant throughout the turtle’s life but the genus has been known to change hue due to humidity or sun exposure. Additionally, the skin on their feet and legs has red, yellow, and black markings; their head and neck are usually lighter orange or cream with an eye-catching speckled pattern across them. 

box turtle

Size, Lifespan and Weight 

Box turtles are relatively small reptiles, with a lifespan of around 50 years. The daily size and weight vary between species of box turtles, as they can range from 4” to 8” in length and 2-6 pounds in weight. The larger species require more space and bigger enclosures that mimic their natural environment and allow them to grow properly. 


Box turtles can live in many habitats, so they have quite a few predators prowling the areas nearby looking for them. These include raccoons, skunks, foxes, snakes and hawks. Though box turtles are able to defend themselves by retreating into their shells, it is ultimately no match for any of these animals that are intent on making a meal from this small delicacy. It is up to us humans to safeguard box turtles from becoming prey and take care when interacting with them and their habitats.


Box turtles are fascinating creatures and their reproductive cycle is particularly interesting. Females will often lay several clutches of eggs per season, laying as many as six to eight eggs in each clutch. For terrestrial species, the embryos undergo dormant periods during the winter months in colder climates, allowing them adequate time to fertilize and develop. Females will often breed every two or three years, but certain conditions such as adverse weather can stop reproduction for a season or longer.

Costs associated with reproduction are fairly minimal since males do not actively participate in incubation or rearing, though they will provide paternal protection when nearby. The eggs can take anywhere from two to eighteen months to hatch and the mother will usually stay close by until they have all hatched; once the baby turtles emerge they are on their own immediately and must fend for themselves in the wild.

box turtle

When do box turtles hibernate in texas?

Box turtles in Texas hibernate during the cooler months of the year, usually from mid-October through mid-March. During this period, they bury themselves beneath fallen leaves, soil, and other debris to protect themselves from the cold and conserve energy. This also serves to protect them from predation while they rest. Box turtles are generally believed to be active again when temperatures reach consistently above fifty degrees Fahrenheit. At that time, they emerge from their winter dens, ready to feed on soft vegetation and bask in the warm sun.

Is it illegal to take a box turtle from the wild in Texas?

Yes, it’s illegal to take a box turtle out of its wild natural environment. All wildlife native to Texas is protected by the Texas parks and wildlife Department

Author Profile
Jeevan Kodiyan
Zoologist | Wildlife Conservation at Animals Research

An animal enthusiast with an interest in zoology, studying the behavior and activities of animals in the wild habitat. I work on research projects related to species conservation and endangered species protection. I also leverage zoology to become an educator, educating others about the importance of protecting our natural environment and the beauty of animals in their natural habitats.

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