Home Animals Black Bears in Maryland (Diet, Lifestyle, Habitat, more)

Black Bears in Maryland (Diet, Lifestyle, Habitat, more)

black bear in oregon

Maryland is home to several iconic attractions, including the historic Bay of Chesapeake and the beloved Baltimore Orioles. But one of Maryland’s most integral natural wonders is Bears on Maryland. Boasting stunning shorelines, hundreds of species of birds, and total acreage that stretches far and wide, Bears on Maryland has become a popular destination for those looking to get back in touch with nature. Whether it’s bird watching, kayaking or simply taking a walk through its quiet woods.

black bears in maryland

Black bears in Maryland

Maryland is home to a black bear population of nearly 4,000 individuals. This species is an important part of the state’s natural ecosystem and has been documented in every county. With numerous state parks and open spaces, Maryland offers plenty of opportunities for visitors to spot these majestic animals. 


Black bears in Maryland are adaptable creatures who prefer to make their homes in heavily forested areas. During the spring and summer months, these medium-sized mammals may be spotted foraging for fruits and insects around streams and rivers. In the wintertime, black bears can generally be found hibernating in dens located in hollow logs or under rock outcroppings. There have been a few changes to the habitat of black bear populations due to deforestation as well as development near their natural environments.


They are opportunistic feeders and eat fruits, nuts, insects, honey and anything else that will provide them with sustenance. In the summer months, they prefer to consume plant foods such as berries or other sweet material whilst, during the winter, they tend to dine on carrion and small prey such as rodents or deer.

bear with garbage


Maryland’s black bears are among the most picturesque of their species; predominantly have a deep, rich black hue with some variation. The colouration of individuals may range from dark brown to blonde and red depending on the season, particularly in spring when juvenile cubs will often embrace more vibrant hues than adults.

Size, Lifespan and Weight 

The average black bear will weigh between 150 to 600 pounds, or even more in some cases. In terms of length, an adult black bear can have a total standing size of 3 to 7 feet. Furthermore, black bears are long-lived species with a lifespan of approximately 15 – 25 years when living in the wild, and up to 30 years when in captivity. 


Bears in Maryland have the occasional run-in with some of their more vicious predators, such as coyotes, bobcats and mountain lions. Fortunately for the bears, they are generally much larger than their predators and can often repel the attack. Still, if the predator sees an opportunity like a bear cub being left alone for even just a few minutes it might rush in to feed or carry away the smaller animal. This is something all bear families should keep in mind when venturing into Maryland’s forests and mountain ranges; while they may never see any of these predators on their travels, they must still be aware that they could be nearby lurking in shadows or behind tall grasses.

bear in open


Black bears are equipped with sophisticated reproductive strategies that have allowed the species to thrive, even in the face of intense competition for resources. Their mating period starts in mid-May, although different populations have slight variations in timing. During this time, female bears will mate with multiple males and store sperm from each mating until wintertime when she enters into a state of delayed implantation.

This means that although her body can hold onto multiple sets of sperm at once, it won’t begin the process of producing cubs until later on in the year. A few months after entering hibernation, she’ll give birth to litters averaging two cubs (though litters can range between one and four). The mother bear will raise these cubs on her own over the winter before they venture out on their own come springtime.

How many bears are in Maryland?

It is estimated that there are over 400 black bears roaming through the forests of Maryland, making the state one of the most prolific habitats for black bears in the northeast United States.

Are there black bears in Allegany county Maryland?

Allegany county Maryland is known for its abundance of wildlife, but many may be surprised to know that a wide variety of mammals, reptiles and amphibians live in the area as well. One type of mammal worth noting is the black bear. While sightings are rare, these shy nocturnal animals can be seen occasionally in Allegany County, though they generally keep to more remote or higher elevation areas where they can peacefully enjoy the foliage and wild foods available there.

bear in backyard

How large are black bears in Maryland?

In Maryland, black bears typically range from 4.5 to 6.5 feet in length and can weigh anywhere between 100 and 600 pounds. Although individual bear sizes may vary, the overall population tends to remain on the smaller end of the size spectrum compared to other species of bears. 

Black bears in Frederick county Maryland

The majestic black bears of Frederick County, Maryland serve as a testament to the beauty and biodiversity found in the region. While not notably abundant, sightings have been reported in numerous parts of the county, primarily in wooded and mountainous areas.




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A motivated philosophy graduate and student of wildlife conservation with a deep interest in human-wildlife relationships, including wildlife communication, environmental education, and conservation anthropology. Offers strong interpersonal, research, writing, and creativity skills.

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A motivated philosophy graduate and student of wildlife conservation with a deep interest in human-wildlife relationships, including wildlife communication, environmental education, and conservation anthropology. Offers strong interpersonal, research, writing, and creativity skills.


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