Oregon is home to several species of badger, including the American, Eurasian, and Hog Badgers. Despite their sharp claws and strong jaws, these generally secretive animals prefer to avoid humans and typically live deep in burrows on farms or open fields. However, as Oregon’s forests continue to be fragmented by urbanization, agriculture and human development, these burrowing predators can often be seen foraging in suburban neighbourhoods or even crossing highways.
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In Oregon, they make their home primarily east of the Cascade Range and in eastern Jackson County. Prey availability is a key factor in badger habitat selection, making these locations ideal for their population to flourish. Not only are these areas abundant with prey but they also provide them shelter from predators such as coyotes.
Badgers in Oregon are omnivores, meaning that they eat both plants and animals to get their nutrients. Their diet consists of insects, small animals like rodents, birds, eggs and reptiles, as well as a variety of plant matter such as fruits, roots, tubers and grasses. Badgers also enjoy a range of other food items like earthworms and even deer carcasses they come across in the wild. To hunt effectively in their nocturnal lifestyle, badgers have strong front claws and sharp teeth which they use to take down their prey. All these sources of food allow badgers to stay healthy in their diverse habitats throughout the world.
In Oregon, these curious creatures tend to have a distinctive look; their fur is largely mottled grey with light tan or white on their bellies and the bottom half of their bodies. On top of this colouration, a white stripe extends from the nose pad up onto their shoulder and sometimes even further onto their backside. Alongside this colourful design, black splotches disperse around a signature ‘badge’ located on either cheek.
Size, Lifespan and Weight
Badgers in Oregon are usually between 24-30 inches in length, have an average weight of roughly 15-25 pounds, and can live for up to 9 years in the wild. However, some badger species can live up to 16 years in captivity.
Badgers in Oregon face numerous predators in the wild, but their main enemy is the fox. Studies have shown that foxes are responsible for up to 90% of badger cub mortality and can be particularly aggressive during the spring cubbing season. Other wild predators include coyotes, wolves, raptors such as golden eagles and red-tailed hawks, dogs, weasels and various snakes.
Badgers in Oregon reproduce by mating with the opposite sex, typically after a courtship period.
When successful mating has occurred, the female badger will produce a litter of three or four cubs approximately seven weeks later. The cubs are born blind and helpless, relying entirely on the care and protection of their parents.
They are weaned between 6-8 weeks after birth and will live in the same den until they are independent enough to move out and find their own territory at around eight months of age. Although badgers in Oregon can mate year-round, most litters are born during spring or early summer so that the cubs can take advantage of warmer weather and an abundance of food resources before winter arrives.
Are there badgers in Oregon?
Yes, there are badgers in Oregon making their presence in cascade range east and Jackson county wherever they get their food.
Are badgers found in western Oregon?
No, they are not found in western Oregon
Are badgers legal to take in Oregon?
Yes, but one needs to take a license from regulatory authorities before trapping or hunting.
What kind of badgers are in Oregon?
Oregon has several species of badgers, including the American, Eurasian, and Hog Badgers.
Growing up enjoying the beauty of my village, a good passion for nature developed in me from childhood. Following my passion for the natural world, I have chosen zoology for my graduation, during my undergraduate degree, I participated in many nature trails, bird watching, rescues, training for wildlife conservation, workshop, and seminars on biodiversity. I have a keen interest in invertebrate biology, herpetology, and ornithology. Primary interests include studies on taxonomy, ecology, habitat and behavior.