The Arctic is a region of extreme cold, ice, and snow. It is also a region of amazing wildlife that can survive and thrive in these harsh conditions. In this article, you will discover the 10 amazing animals of the Arctic that will blow your mind.
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The Arctic is a mesmerizing region of our planet that is not only known for its exceptional beauty but also for its wildlife. It is a place filled with enigmatic indigenous cultures and wildlife that has adapted to living in some of the most extreme conditions on earth.
From the majestic polar bear, and the ice-dwelling narwhal, to the elusive Arctic fox, the region offers a diverse range of fascinating creatures that are unlike any you will find elsewhere. Whether you are an animal enthusiast or just looking to experience the natural wonders of the world, exploring the Arctic is an incredible adventure that is sure to leave you with unforgettable memories.
1. Arctic Fox
Exploring the Arctic can be a thrilling adventure, especially when you’re on the lookout for one of its most elusive and cunning creatures: the sneaky white fox. But don’t be fooled by their name, as these foxes are experts at changing their colors to match their surroundings, making them difficult to spot.
Camouflaged in shades of brown and white, they’re able to surprise their prey with ease. Whether you’re traveling to Greenland, Iceland, Svalbard, the Canadian Arctic, or the Russian Arctic, keep your eyes peeled for these clever critters. Spotting one of these elusive animals can be a true challenge, but that’s all part of the fun!
2. Caribou or Reindeer
If you’re planning a trip to North America, Greenland, Svalbard, Northern areas of Scandinavia, or Russia, keep an eye out for reindeer or caribou, depending on where you are! Despite the different names, they are actually the same animal, with various subspecies depending on the region they are found in.
It’s fascinating to think about the cultural differences that can emerge when it comes to naming a species; in Europe, they are referred to as reindeer, while in North America, the same animal is known as caribou in the wild, and reindeer if they are domesticated. No matter what you call them, encountering a herd of these majestic creatures is sure to be a highlight of any nature-based trip.
Beluga whales, also known as “Sea Canaries”, are loved in the marine world for their incredible vocal abilities. These magnificent creatures are known for producing an array of sounds ranging from chirps, squeals, and whistles which they use for communication. Beluga whales also possess an impressive ability to turn and nod their head. It’s an ability that is absent in other members of the dolphin and whale families.
If you’re hoping to catch a glimpse of these stunning animals, the Arctic Ocean is the place to be. Belugas are commonly found near the coast and close to the ice in regions such as Greenland, Svalbard, Alaska, Canada, and Russia. An excellent spot to observe them is the Churchill River in Canada, where you can witness their spectacular playful nature. So, head to the Arctic and listen to the sweet sounds of the “Sea Canaries”.
4. Musk Ox
In the harsh and frigid landscape of the last ice age, few hooved animals were able to survive. However, one remarkable species, alongside the Caribou, somehow managed to not only endure but thrive. Meet the goat-like creature that boasts an underlayer of fur that is one of the world’s warmest natural fibers. These animals are a true testimony to the resilience of nature.
If you’re looking to catch a glimpse of these remarkable creatures in their natural habitat, head to Greenland, the Canadian Arctic, or some of the reintroduced populations in Alaska. With their fascinating survival story and unique features, it’s no wonder that people from all over the world journey to see these incredible animals in person.
Imagine diving into the icy waters of Greenland, only to encounter a curious creature that spends two-thirds of its life in the same environment. The walrus, or Odobenus rosmarus, is aptly named the “tooth-walking sea horse” for its unique ability to traverse land and sea with ease. While underwater, the walrus’ heart rate slows down to prevent hypothermia, allowing it to remain in the frigid water for extended periods.
From Svalbard to Franz Josef Land, the rugged coasts of Russia’s Far East to the wilds of Canada and Alaska, walruses call these destinations home. There’s something truly awe-inspiring about these majestic creatures as they glide effortlessly through the water, making them a must-see for any adventurer looking to explore the Arctic regions.
From Svalbard to Franz Josef Land, the rugged coasts of Russia’s Far East to the wilds of Canada and Alaska, Lemming calls these destinations home. There’s something truly awe-inspiring about these majestic creatures as they glide effortlessly through the water, making them a must-see for any adventurer looking to explore the Arctic regions.
The narwhal has intrigued people for centuries, with its unique unicorn-like horn or tusk. However, what many don’t know is that it shares a close relative with the beluga whale. Despite their similarities, the narwhal is known for its mottled grey appearance, resembling that of drowned sailors, which earned it the name “Narwhal” from the Old Norse word nár which means “corpse.”
If you’re eager to catch a glimpse of this elusive creature, heading to Greenland or the Canadian Arctic may be your best bet, as the latter is home to about 75% of the world’s population of narwhals. While it may prove to be a challenge, a successful narwhal sighting is sure to be a once-in-a-lifetime experience.
If you’re eager to catch a glimpse of this elusive creature, heading to Greenland or the Canadian Arctic may be your best bet, as the latter is home to about 75% of the world’s population of puffins. While it may prove to be a challenge, a successful narwhal sighting is sure to be a once-in-a-lifetime experience.
9. Arctic Hare
If you are heading to Greenland or the Canadian Arctic, keep an eye out for the elusive Arctic hare. Despite its nickname, this creature is actually a hare, not a rabbit, but it shares its polar habitat with its rabbit cousins. The Arctic hare is a master of survival, able to dig holes in the snow or ground to protect itself from harsh Arctic winters.
And if you do happen to spot one, don’t blink! These hares can reach speeds of up to 60km an hour, making them one of the fastest land animals in their sub-zero environment. Seeing a Polar Rabbit in action is a once-in-a-lifetime experience, and the stark beauty of these Arctic landscapes only adds to the magic.
10. Polar Bear
If you’re an avid animal lover and are looking to spot some of the most resilient creatures in the Arctic, your search is complete. Meet the Polar Rabbit, a hare that can withstand sub-zero temperatures and survive year-round in the Arctic. Don’t be fooled by its fluffy appearance – this creature is a determined and speedy sprinter.
The Arctic hare can run up to 60km an hour, making it quite a challenge to spot. But if you venture to destinations like Greenland or the Canadian Arctic, you may be fortunate enough to catch a glimpse of this elusive creature.
What kind of animals live in the Arctic?
The Arctic is inhabited by a variety of animals adapted to its extreme conditions. Polar bears, apex predators of the icy seas, rely on sea ice for hunting seals. Arctic foxes change their fur color with the seasons, while hares blend into the snowy landscape. Lemmings are essential prey, and reindeer undertake long migrations for food. Musk oxen form protective herds, and seals like ringed seals thrive in Arctic waters. Walruses use sea ice as platforms, beluga whales inhabit cold waters, and snowy owls excel at hunting in the snow. Arctic terns and ptarmigans are migratory birds well-suited to this region, while cod and char sustain predators.
What is the main animal in the Arctic?
The main animal associated with the Arctic region is the polar bear (Ursus maritimus).
What are the most common animals in the Arctic?
The Arctic is home to a range of common animals adapted to its icy environment. These include the polar bear, emblematic of the region, along with the adaptable Arctic fox and hare, as well as lemmings that sustain many predators. Reindeer and musk oxen navigate the cold in herds, while snowy owls hunt over the snowy terrain. Seals and walruses thrive in the frigid waters, and beluga whales call its seas home. Birds like puffins and guillemots flock during breeding season, and various insects briefly emerge in summer.
In conclusion, the Arctic is an incredibly harsh environment, yet it still manages to support a diverse range of animals. These creatures have adapted to the extreme temperatures and lack of vegetation in a number of fascinating ways. From the thick fur of the polar bear to the small ears of the Arctic fox, each animal has evolved to survive in this unique ecosystem. Of course, with climate change already having a profound impact on the region, it’s important that we continue to study these animals and work to protect them. By doing so, we can ensure that future generations can continue to marvel at the marvels of Arctic wildlife.
Growing up enjoying the beauty of my village, a good passion for nature developed in me from childhood. Following my passion for the natural world, I have chosen zoology for my graduation, during my undergraduate degree, I participated in many nature trails, bird watching, rescues, training for wildlife conservation, workshop, and seminars on biodiversity. I have a keen interest in invertebrate biology, herpetology, and ornithology. Primary interests include studies on taxonomy, ecology, habitat and behavior.