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Animals in Georgia

animals in georgia

The state of Georgia is home to a wide variety of animal species, many of which are endangered. Among the most notable are the armadillos, which are native to the state and highly sought after by poachers. Other endangered species include the beaver, rat, and rabbit. The white-tailed deer is also threatened by habitat loss. Georgia is also home to a variety of predators, including skunks, otters, coyotes, bear mountains, lions, and, bobcats. 

There are also a number of cities in Georgia where people can visit to see the wild side of the state, including its amazing beauty and unique experiences. The Northern Appalachian Mountains offer visitors a chance to see some of the most beautiful scenery in the state, as well as a variety of different animal species. In addition, there are a number of different parks and reserves in Georgia that offer visitors a chance to see the state’s unique wildlife.

animals in georgia

Let’s take a tour of Georgia’s top attractions and see some of the state’s most intriguing animals in Georgia.

Alligator Snapping Turtle

alligator snapping turtle

The alligator snapping turtle is the largest freshwater turtle in North America, and it is found primarily in the southeastern United States. In Georgia, these turtles are most commonly found in riverine habitats, such as the Flint River. These turtles get their name from their large size and their powerful jaws, which can deliver a crushing bite. 

Alligator snapping turtles are omnivorous, and their diet includes both plants and animals. These turtles are known to eat fish, frogs, snakes, and even small mammals. In addition to being a top predator in their ecosystem, alligator snapping turtles play an important role in keeping the river bottom clean by feeding on detritus. 

Sadly, these turtles are threatened by habitat loss and hunting, and they are listed as a species of concern in Georgia. However, state and federal laws protect these turtles, and there are several conservation efforts underway to help ensure the long-term survival of this species.

The alligator snapping turtle and the common snapping turtle are two species of the same genus but have very different appearances and behaviors. The alligator snapping turtle’s natural distribution is limited to rivers that empty into the Gulf of Mexico, while the common snapping turtle can be found in a considerably broader region. 

Adult alligator snapping turtles can grow to be as long as three feet, making them considerably bigger than their more diminutive relative.

Although the alligator snapping turtle is most often found in the ocean or a large river, it has been spotted in lakes on rare occasions. It’s not uncommon to spot them in tributaries of rivers and other inland waters. The shells of the alligator snapping turtle and the common snapping turtle are most likely the most distinguishing physical feature between the two species.

The shell of this particular turtle features three unique ridges. The alligator snapping turtle has a triangular head in terms of the shape of its skull.

The ovate shape of the common snapping turtle’s head is characteristic of this species. There are two key differences between a regular snapping turtle and an alligator snapping turtle. It has a red worm-like lure in its jaws, which is one distinguishing trait. Thus, when the alligator snapping turtle opens its jaw, unwary fish mistake it for a worm; as they approach to inspect, they are quickly eaten.

They are tan or black in color and can grow up to two feet in length. The sharp edges of their mouths can easily bite off a human finger. Despite their size and strength, snapping turtles are not aggressive animals and will only attack if they feel threatened.

They have few natural predators, but they can sometimes be killed by bears, coyotes, and river otters. In areas where their territory overlaps with that of the American alligator, they must be careful not to become prey themselves.

Wild Turkey


The wild turkey is a large and impressive bird, with males sometimes reaching weights of over 20 pounds. These birds are leaner than their domestic cousins, with small heads that are almost bare. The males of the species are known as Toms. During the mating season, the male wild turkeys develop brightly colored heads, as well as a layer of fat over their crops and breast cavities.

This fat provides them with the energy they need to keep up with their active mating habits. After the mating season ends, the wild turkeys will often be seen walking around in flocks, searching for food. 

These birds nest on the ground and prefer to have dense foliage nearby in order to stay concealed. When they are looking for food, they will use their strong feet to scratch through the leaf litter in search of something to eat.

The wild turkey is a large bird, weighing in at an average of 18 pounds. Despite its weight and appearance, the wild turkey is a powerful flier due to its broad, rounded wings. When threatened, wild turkeys will take to the air rather than face their attacker head-on. At night, wild turkeys roost in trees in groups, often choosing unused fields or areas adjacent to roads. 

The wild turkey eggs are brown and speckled. They are larger than chicken eggs on average. Given their feeding requirements, wild turkeys are constantly on the move in search of food. They can cover a few miles in a day as they hunt for insects, small mammals, and other sources of sustenance.

Ninety percent of a wild turkey’s diet should come from plants, while ten percent should come from meat. They devour many foods including fruit, green foliage, insects, seeds, and buds. Grain, sorghum, chufa, tubers, and millet are among the cultivated crops that they consume.

Black Bear

black bear

American black bears are found in around 41 states of the United States, as well as in parts of Canada and Mexico. In Alabama, they are most commonly found in the northeast, near Little River Canyon in Cherokee County. Black bears are mammals that eat everything. They are in the family Ursidae. They are similar in appearance to Florida black bears but are classified as separate subspecies. 

Louisiana black bears are another subspecies of American black bears found in the state of Alabama. In recent years, the population of black bears in Alabama has been increasing, spreading from the northeast to the northwest part of the state. 

They are black to light brown in color, with some subspecies being beige. American black bears look somewhat similar to brown bears, but they have larger ears with less fur, and their shoulder hump is smaller in size. Male American black bears weigh between 150 and 350 pounds, while females weigh between 120 and 250 pounds. The largest male American black bear on record weighed 900 pounds.

Black bears are typically smaller than other types of bears, with males weighing anywhere from 150 to 350 pounds and females weighing between 120 and 250 pounds. However, the largest male American black bear on record weighed in at an impressive 900 pounds. American black bears also tend to be relatively small in stature, with an average length of 47 to 79 inches.

They have small eyes, ears, and teeth, and their claws are sharp and curved. These characteristics enable them to climb trees and dig for food. Black bears typically reach maturity at around 3.5 years of age and begin to reproduce when they are two years old. Females will usually have two to three cubs at a time. 

They are typically solitary creatures, only coming together to mate. However, their breeding patterns can vary depending on the environmental conditions. In May and early July, brown bears enter the mating season. During this time, males will mate with multiple females. Once a female bear has gained a sufficient amount of fat and food, her gestation period will begin.

Black bear cubs are born in January and February, and they typically live in caves, root masses, or ground nests. They sleep more during the winter than they do during the summer. Consequently, their breeding patterns are dictated by the changing seasons and their need to ensure that their cubs are born at a time when food is plentiful.

River Otter

otters eating fish

The river otter is a member of the weasel family and is also an amphibious creature. Although the river otter population has declined in many U.S. states, it has stayed stable in Georgia. They were practically gone even in the northern part of Georgia. Indeed, the number and quality of suitable habitats are crucial to their survival.

They have thick fur over their bodies that helps to keep them warm in colder environments and dry in wetter conditions. The fur is usually dark brown, black, or reddish with a silver or grayish-brown belly. River otters can range in size from three feet to almost five feet long and typically weigh between 15 and 30 pounds.

They are proficient swimmers and can stay underwater for up to eight minutes at a time as well as dive to depths of up to around 60 feet. Both its swimming and running speeds are impressive: 6-7 miles per hour. They are also known to play in the water, which often involves chasing after prey.

They are known to be very active during the evening hours and into the early morning hours of the next day. Lakes, marshes, ponds, and streams provide ideal habitats for these creatures. The river otter is a carnivore by nature and therefore their diet consists of other smaller prey animals such as young alligators, crabs, and sometimes even muskrats. 

Other things that may be found in their diet include amphibians, crustaceans, reptiles, insects, birds, and fish. When they are in the rivers, they dine mostly on fish as this seems to be their favorite meal.

American Alligator

american alligator

The American alligator was once on the brink of extinction due to exploitation, but its population has made a successful recovery in recent years. American alligators are distinguished from other crocodilians by their overlapping jaws. 

These large reptiles can grow up to 14 feet in length and are found in a variety of freshwater habitats across the United States, including swamps, marshes, rivers, and lakes. Alligators have a diet that includes turtles, fish, birds, reptiles, small mammals, and other alligators. Although they are typically shy around humans, alligators can be dangerous if provoked. 

The alligator is a fearsome creature, with a mouthful of sharp teeth that can reach up to 80 in number. These teeth are continuously replaced throughout the alligator’s lifetime, and new ones grow in to take the place of lost or damaged teeth. Alligators are cold-blooded creatures, and their foraging activity ceases when the water temperature drops below 68 degrees Fahrenheit.

During the winter months, alligators enter into a state of hibernation, spending the majority of their time in dens. An alligator can live for up to 50 years in the wild. Once they reach adulthood, alligators have no natural predators. However, baby alligators are vulnerable to predation from otters, turtles, raccoons, cranes, and other alligators. 

These predators will target the nests where eggs are laid, as well as newly hatched alligators. Once an alligator reaches a length of 24-30 inches, they become predators themselves, preying on smaller creatures.

Green Tree Frog

green tree frog

The state of Georgia is home to a wide variety of amphibian species, including the green tree frog. In 2005, the green tree frog was officially designated as the state amphibian of Georgia. These frogs are known for their lime green coloration and bright white stripes. They can be found throughout the state, and their distinctive chirping sound is a common feature of summer and spring nights in Georgia.

In addition to being one of the most visually appealing amphibians, the green tree frog is also considered to be one of the most beautiful tree frogs in North America.

The green tree frog is a small, stocky amphibian with long hind legs that enable it to jump up to 10 feet. It has round pads on its feet that help it climb trees easily, and its skin is covered in tiny bumps. Green tree frogs are found in swamps, bayous, and on the borders of lakes, where they hunt for insects to eat. They are also sometimes found in trees and bushes near the water.

These frogs are nocturnal and spend most of their time hiding in trees or under leaves. During the day, they rest in cool, damp places to avoid the heat. Green tree frogs are not picky eaters and will eat a variety of insects, including crickets, flies, moths, ants, and worms.

White-tailed Deer

white-tailed deer

The white-tailed deer is a beautiful creature that is native to North and South America. It got its name from the distinctive white hairs that are found under its tail and on its hind end. The size of a white-tailed deer can vary depending on its environment. In cooler climates, they tend to be larger, while in hotter climates they are smaller. Its body is an earthy shade that ranges from a rosy brown to a muddy grey, and its ears are enormous.

White-tailed deer prefer to live in open areas such as grasslands and forests. During the summer months, they are typically found in forested areas where there is plenty of food available. However, during the winter they will often move to yards or other enclosed spaces where they can find food and shelter from the cold weather. White-tailed deer reproduce quickly and are capable of doubling their population in a single year.

The white-tailed deer’s breeding season is from November and December. The does will mate with several different bucks during this two-month period. And, interestingly enough, it is the female deer that “chose” the mate, not the other way around like most people think. The doe will watch the buck and if she likes what she sees, she will let him know by urine marking near him and rubbing her body on him. Once they have mated, the process is quick and only takes a few minutes. Afterward, the buck will go on his way and the doe will raise her young alone. 

The average gestation period for a white-tailed deer is 200 days, and twins are not uncommon. In the wild, fawns may be born throughout the year, but mothers will typically only raise one fawn at a time and then move on, leaving their offspring to fend for themselves. White-tailed deer are commonly solitary creatures, but they may form large groups in winter when they congregate in open meadows or in forested areas.

Here, they will trample down the snow in an area known as a “deer yard” in order to access food such as twigs, fruits, leaves, and nuts, as well as lichens and mosses. While they are generally shy animals, white-tailed deer can become quite tame if they are raised in captivity from a young age.

Eastern Tiger Swallowtail

eastern tiger swallowtail

The eastern tiger swallowtail is a wonderful butterfly that is often found in this area. The state of Georgia designated it as its official butterfly. Who wouldn’t love butterflies fluttering over their home? There is nothing ordinary about these animals; they are pure magic. These beloved insects can be found in every corner of the globe.

When basking in the sunlight, the wings of an adult can stretch to a maximum of about 5.5 inches. Their bright pigments stand out against the black and yellow of their wings. The edges of the back wings are very colorful, with blue scales and one or more red spots on the bottom edges. They usually live alone, but sometimes two or three of them will fly together.

The lovely eastern tiger swallowtail butterfly can be seen flying about from spring to October. When a group of males gathers to drink from damp places in the soil, it is a beautiful sight to watch. They frequently soar high over the treetops. They can live longer because the water they drink typically contains sodium ions and amino acids. If an adversary touches this butterfly, it will be wiped with a rotten smell. This beautiful species is active from spring until October.

Largemouth Bass

largemouth bass

The largemouth bass is the official state fish of Georgia. These fish are olive-grey-green in color, with dark horizontal lines running along their sides. They are typically found in warm water streams and rivers and prefer habitats with plenty of vegetation. 

Other names for the Largemouth bass include Green Trout, Bigmouth Bass Trophy Bass, Lineside Bass, or Black Bass. These fish can grow to be quite large, reaching up to 8 inches in length within their first year of life. By their third year, they can reach up to 18 inches in length. 

The largemouth bass is an opportunistic feeder and will eat just about anything it can fit into their mouths. From tiny insects and baitfish to large scuds and shrimp as they get bigger. Shad, crawfish, snakes, snails, small water birds, frogs, newborn alligators, and lizards are all among their preferred foods.

Together, their senses of vibration, sight, hearing, and smell help them locate and capture their prey.

Brown Thrasher

brown thrasher
Brown Thrasher

The Brown Thrasher is the state bird of Georgia, and it was once a common sight in the state. However, the population of Brown Thrashers has declined in recent years, due to loss of habitat and other factors. Brown Thrashers are territorial birds, and they will attack any birds that enter their territory.

This aggression may be one of the factors that have led to their decline. 

During the breeding season, male Brown Thrashers sing to attract mates. Their song is a loud thrashing sound that is made by scraping their beak against their tail feathers. Brown Thrashers spend much of their time searching for food.

The brown thrasher is a bird known for its wide repertoire of songs and mimicry. It is considered one of the best mimics in the bird world, only second to the northern mockingbird. Brown thrashers are also highly territorial and will attack any bird that enters their territory. However, despite their aggressive nature, brown thrashers are in decline. One of the primary threats to brown thrashers is habitat loss. Additionally, brown thrashers are sometimes killed by cars or caught in window strikes.

Thrasher is the moniker most commonly given to him because of the thrashing sound he makes when he rummages among garbage on the ground in search of food.

They eat many different things, including nuts, berries, insects, beetles, caterpillars, and more. They’ll happily sink their beaks into anything, including spiders, earthworms, crayfish, snails, frogs, and lizards.

Summary of Animals in Georgia

These are some of the amazing animals of Georgia and are definitely something to be celebrated! There are more than 440 different species of birds that call Georgia home, 72 of which are considered rare and only found in this state. Some of these rare birds include the Ivory-billed Woodpecker, Bachman’s Sparrow, Swainson’s Thrush, Greater Prairie Chicken, and Red-cockaded Woodpecker. They each play an important role in the delicate ecosystem of Georgia and add to the beauty of this state. I encourage you to take some time to learn more about these amazing creatures! You may even be lucky enough to spot one of the rarer species on your next nature walk.

Author Profile
Rahul M Suresh

Visiting the Zoo can be an exciting and educational experience for all involved. As a guide, I have the privilege of helping students and visitors alike to appreciate these animals in their natural habitat as well as introducing them to the various aspects of zoo life. I provide detailed information about the individual animals and their habitats, giving visitors an opportunity to understand each one more fully and appreciate them in a more intimate way.

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